When two people marry, they are not contemplating that someday they may be involved in divorce planning. However, all too often this is where marriage can wind up. In a dissolution of marriage, family properly must be divided up and provisions are made for children.
Child support, and often alimony payments, can be ordered as part of the divorce decree. In order to secure this obligation, the court will typically require sufficient life insurance on the primary wage earner to fund the obligation as part of the divorce decree. That way, if the payer-parent dies, future obligations are funded through life insurance. The beneficiary may be the spouse or child. This also provides peace of mind to the paying parent that their child is well taken care of if they die.
Life Insurance Needs
In many divorces that include provisions for alimony or child support, the court order will often require the supporting spouse to carry a life insurance policy to ensure that the settlement will be paid if the supporting spouse dies. If insurance is required, the term of the coverage will need to be determined. If the policy is meant as security for child support only, the policy can be terminated when the last dependent child reaches the age of majority. It may also be negotiated that the policy remains in effect for a longer period of time stated either as a term of years, after all the children’s education is completed of in some cases for life, with the children as beneficiaries.
If the insurance is for alimony, it may continue for as long as the alimony payments continue which may be for life, until the payee is remarried, or until retirement plans are accessed at retirement if the spouse receives an interest in the retirement plans.
If the court does not order life insurance, it may be in the best interest of the non-supporting spouse to take out a policy insuring the supporting spouse to ensure future alimony or child support payments.
Types of life Insurance Available
Term insurance and permanent insurance can both be used to satisfy the obligation to pay child support or alimony.
Term insurance works for a temporary need for a specific term of years. If the policy is only needed for a short time, then term insurance may suffice. If the coverage is ten years or less term insurance may be the most effective means of providing coverage.
Permanent insurance will provide coverage for life and can be used for other purposes after the obligation has ended. It also ensure that if the insured becomes uninsurable, they can retain the coverage. If coverage is needed for between 10 to 14 years then either a term or permanent product could be used. If the coverage period is fifteen years or greater permanent insurance is a better choice.
(California Residents: The Accelerated Benefit Rider for Chronic Illness is not available in conjunction with term coverage whether it is the base policy or a rider.)
Why Use Signature Guaranteed Universal Life
Signature Guaranteed Universal Life Insurance (SGUL) has featured that work well when there is an obligation for a term of years that is close to fifteen years up to the life of the responsible party.
If the obligation ends in the event the divorce spouse remarries, then there are three cash-out periods available at policy years 15, 20, and 25. If the obligation is for approximately fifteen years, the insured has the ability to cash out a portion of their premiums making this as affordable as term insurance.
It may also allows the insured to determine at the time the obligation ends if the insurance would be useful for the insured to keep in force. If in the meantime, the insured has experienced a serious illness, they can keep the policy. If the insured is diagnosed with a serious illness they will also have the added benefit of the Accelerated Benefit Rider for Critical, Chronic and Terminal Illness or the Accelerated Benefit Rider for Terminal Illness (NY only) They could utilize to meet any obligation or provide for dependents. With the benefits and flexibility of permanent insurance and the ability to cash out the policy if the insured’s situation changes, this policy is a great match to be used in a divorce situation.
Why Signature Guaranteed UL can be a good product in the divorce market
- Guaranteed coverage if premiums are paid and loans are not taken.
- Premiums are less than traditional universal life because SGUL does not generate significant cash value.
- After 15, 20, or 25 years, the insured can exercise the built in Cash-Out Guaranteed and receive a full or partial return of their premiums paid.
- Includes the Accelerated Benefit Riders for Critical, Chronic, and Terminal Illness (NY only) that can provide protection if the insured has a qualifying illness.
Case Study: Jim and Mary
- Decided to divorce their marriage and divorce after seven years.
- Lived in a non-community property state.
- Mary was a stay-at-home mom and Jim was an attorney and made over $150,000 per year.
- They had three children together, ages 4, 2, and 1.
- Both are thirty-two years old.
In the divorce settlement, Jim was ordered to pay Mary child support in the amount of $3,500 per month until the later of the children reaching age 18 or graduating from high school, As each child reached 18 the child support requirement would diminish as that child was no longer subject to support. Jim also agreed to pay for the children’s college education and to pay Mary $1,500 per month until she remarried or dies.
Mary’s attorney requested and the judge agreed to require Jim to obtain life insurance to protect his wife and children and to ensure that either he or the life insurance will fulfill his commitment. The cost of child support could be up to $657,000 if all children remain healthy as that could be a seventeen year obligation. The cost of alimony could be as much as $936,000 if Mary does not re-marry and lives into her 80’s. Add to that the cost of college education and the cost could really skyrocket. After considerable negotiation it was determined that Jim would purchase a $1,000,000 permanent policy that would be available to help Mary meet her and the children’s needs if something happened to Jim. Her attorny negotiated a permanent policy since the children were so young and because the payments to Mary could potentially go on after Jim would no longer qualify for term insurance. Jim’s attorney negotiated the face amount and, after reviewing various insurance proposals, decided on the Signature Guaranteed UL policy in order to keep the cost down while meeting the need for permanent coverage. If Mary remarried, Jim could discontinue the policy later or keep the policy for himself naming new beneficiaries or keeping his children as beneficiaries.
The SGUL policy is a cost effective permanent policy that can meet multiple needs and if those needs are ultimately satisfied the policy owner can obtain a partial or full return of premium through the Cash-Out features. Being able to enjoy permanent coverage for 25 years and then receive back your paid premiums can be a great way to protect loved ones if something happens to you and then receive a refund after the protection period to meet other retirement needs.
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Source: American National